Make: This rifle was manufactured by the Copenhagen Arsenal in Denmark.
Model: 1867/96 Military Rifle
Serial Number: 64072
Year of Manufacture: The rifle was made in 1883 and converted to centerfire in 1896.
Caliber: The rifle was originally chambered in 11.44mm Rimfire. It has been converted to .45-70 Government.
Action Type: This single shot rifle has a rolling block action controlled by a lever on the right side of the breechblock.
Markings: The left side of the receiver is marked with a crown over the royal cypher of King Christian IX (Script C superimposed over a Script R) and “M-1867”. The left side of the barrel at the receiver and the belly of the buttstock are marked “64072.”. The upper tang is marked “Kjobenhavns Toihuus 1883” (Copenhagen Arsenal). The top of the barrel near the receiver, the left side of the barrel at the receiver, the upper tang on the buttplate, the left side of the hammer and breechblock, the front and rear barrel bands, the left side of the buttstock at the wrist, and the right front of the rear sight base are marked with a Crown. The comb just in front of the buttplate is marked with a boxed “GC” inspection mark. The right side of the front sight blade is marked “4”.
Barrel Length: The barrel is 35 3/8” in length.
Sights / Optics: The front sight is an inverted “V” blade dovetailed into a rectangular base on the barrel. The rear sight is combination sliding elevator ladder sight screwed to the barrel. It has a very long ladder, typical of the sights used in the 1896 conversion, when these rifles were withdrawn from front line infantry use and issued to coastal artillery units. When the ladder is folded down, a “V” notch at the base of the ladder is presented. There markings of “50” and “250” on the left side of the sight base for use as a sliding elevator when the ladder is folded down, and marks of “250” and “400” on the right side of the base, but we don’t know how these marks are to be used. When the ladder is folded up, a “V” notch is presented at the top center of the slider and another is on the far left of the slider. The rear face of the ladder is marked from “3” to “14” for use with the middle “V” on the slider. The front face of the ladder is marked from “15” to “21”. There is a thin round disc mounted to the right side of the middle barrel band that is a front sight for use with the “V” notch on the left side of the slider, and is for use with the markings on the front of the ladder (the barrel band is mounted backwards).
Stock Configuration & Condition: The stocks are two piece smooth walnut with a straight grip. The buttstock has a steel carbine style buttplate and the forend has a steel nose cap and is held with three barrel bands. The forend extends to within about 5” of the muzzle and is grooved on its underside for storage of a cleaning rod (included). There is a small brass marking disk inlet into the right side of the buttstock. There is a sling swivel inlet into the belly of the stock and another on the bottom of the middle barrel band. The stocks show oil staining on its edges around the receiver and light staining across the top of the comb. There is a long drag line down the left side of the buttstock and a short hairline crack at the back edge of the upper tang on the left side. There are several light dings scattered along the upper edges of the tang, a few deeper dings on the left front of the comb and a few more scattered along the forend. The LOP measures 12 5/8” from the front of the trigger to the back of the buttplate. The buttplate shows surface loss, light wear at the heel and toe, and a few spots of solid erosion. There are two extra mounting holes drilled through the buttplate, one near the top and one near the bottom. The buttplate is in about Very Good condition. The stocks rate in about Fine condition.
Type of Finish: The barrel is blued and the receiver is case colored.
Finish Originality: All Original
Bore Condition: The bore is bright with light wear in the rifling. There is no erosion.
Overall Condition: This rifle retains about 75% of its metal finish. A plum colored patina is forming over the barrel and the top of the receiver’s chamber ring, and a dark grey patina is forming over the receiver, trigger guard and their tangs. The front section of the barrel, the nosecap and the barrel bands show thinning in the finish under the patina. There are light handling marks in the top of the barrel behind the front sight, a ding in the top left side of the front middle section of the barrel, and a light mark in the top of the barrel in front of the rear sight. There are a few small dings in the right side of the receiver above the breech block pin and two tiny dings in the bottom edge of the hole for the pin. There a few small dings in the receiver’s chamber ring, a tiny ding in the left lower shoulder of the receiver, a ding in the left side of the receiver below the hammer and a light mark around the top front screw in the left side of the receiver. The hammer checkering is sharp to the touch and the breechblock checkering shows light wear. The button screw is distressed, but the remaining screws are sharp, with a few very light screwdriver marks. The markings are clear and crisp. Overall, this rifle rates in about Fine Plus condition.
Mechanics: The action functions correctly. The hammer has a half cock safety position. The breechblock has two firing pin holes, one for use as rimfire, and one for use as centerfire, and the firing pin can be used in either. It is currently in the center hole. We have not fired this rifle. As with all used firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance standards.
Box, Paperwork & Accessories: This rifle comes with a cleaning rod stored under the forend and a bayonet lug affixed to the right side of the barrel. The cleaning rod has a button tip with a slotted jag just behind the tip. The rod is finished “In The White”. The front part of the rod has developed a plum colored patina. There are a few spots of solid erosion towards the rear of the rod. Overall, the rod is in about Fine condition.
Our Assessment: The Danish, Swedish and Norwegian governments all chose a Remington rolling block rifle as their service rifle at about the same time. The Swedish bought 10,000 rifles and 20,000 actions from Remington while the Norwegians contracted with the Swedish to build them their first 6000 rifles. The Danish ordered 30,000 rifles and 1800 carbines from Remington, which were delivered in 1868. The Danes also began manufacturing their own rifles, and had produced an estimated 12,500 rifles and 1600 carbines by 1876. (http://www.gotavapen.se/gota/mats/karbin_m1885.htm). The Danish rifles were slightly different than those used by the Swedish and Norwegians in that they used an 11.44mm Rimfire cartridge instead of the 12.17 mm, and the sling was attached to the belly of the rifle rather than to the front of the trigger guard. By 1896, the rimfire cartridges used were far outperformed by more modern cartridges using smokeless powder. The Danes were in the process of adopting the 8mm M1889 Krag-Jorgensen rifle, and needed to update or abandon the rolling blocks. They decided to withdraw the M1867 rifles from infantry service, convert them to a centerfire cartridge and issue them to coast and fortress artillerymen. At that time, a new much longer rear ladder sight was also fitted to the rifles. This M1867/96 rifle was made in 1883 at the Copenhagen Arsenal and was re-chambered in .45-70 Government. It has a 35 3/8” barrel with bayonet lug, and a cleaning rod stored under the forend. The barrel and buttstock share the same serial number, the parts are appropriately marked, and the rifle is original, even to the marking disk on the right side of the buttstock. The rifle has a ladder sight graduated to 1400 meters using the center notch on the slider and the front sight, and up to 2100 meters using the “V” notch on the left side of the slider and the thin ring on the right side of the center barrel band (the band is on backwards) as a front sight. To complete the package for the collector, the correct cleaning rod is stored under the barrel. The rifle is in about Fine condition with 75% of its original finish remaining. The bore is bright with light wear in the rifling and no erosion. This is an extremely well preserved Danish M1867/96 rifle, and it is so rare to find one so few handling marks that we doubt that this was ever issued. We expect that collectors of the European military rifles will be very interested in this rifle, as will collectors of the Remington rolling blocks. Although Remington made quite a few rifles for the Danes, the Copenhagen Arsenal made the fewest number of rifles between the three Scandinavian countries that used the rolling block action, and as a result the Danish made rifles are scarcer. Also, there are some that say that the Danish produced rifles were stronger than the Remingtons because they used better steel.
CA Legal or CA Private Party Transferable: This Antique rifle can be transferred/sold in California.
LSB#: 170211JH31 Make: This rifle was manufactured by the Copenhagen Arsenal in Denmark. Model: 1867/96 Military Rifle Serial Number: 64072 Year of Manufactu
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