Model: 1860 Army
Serial Number: 37987
Year of Manufacture: We found a revolver a few hundred off in the 4th Volume of Springfield Research Service's Serial Numbers of U.S> Martial Arms, which was issued to the 1st Maryland Volunteer Cavalry and one serial numbered 37910 in the 2nd Volume, giving an issue date of 1864 and was most likely issued to that branch during the Civil War. The pistol was made in 1862, according to Proofhouse.com.
Caliber: .44 Caliber Ball
Action Type: 6-Shot, Single Action, Cylinder Loaded Percussion Revolver
Markings: The top of the barrel is marked “ADDRESS COL. SAML NEW YORK U.S. AMERICA”, the left is marked "C", the right is marked "W". The underside of the barrel lug, center pin, underside of the frame, trigger guard plate, barrel wedge, cylinder, back of the stock and toe of the grip strap's butt are marked correctly for the serial number. The left of the frame is marked "COLTS / PATENT", the rear back strap near the bolt holes is marked "L", the left of the front grip strap is marked "G" on the left, "S" on the front, the right is marked "D" and "6". The front of the firewall is marked "P". The cylinder still has definition to the waves and lower portions of the ships in the famous Naval Battle, as well as "COLT'S PATENT / NO. 7987 / PAT SEPT 10th 1850, with inspector marks "W" and "L". The left of the stock has a very faint inspector cartouche.
Barrel Length: 8”, Round
Sights / Optics: The front sight appears to be a German silver blade, fixed to the barrel. The rear sight is a small “V” notch in the hammer.
Stock Configuration & Condition: The grips are a one piece smooth walnut stock that bears the same serial numbering as the other components, with a faint cartouche on the left. The stock has beautiful fit to the grip straps, there are a few small chip and scrape losses, dings and small mars are seen on some surfaces, but no cracks or major damages are noted. The grips rate in about Very Good overall condition.
Type of Finish: Blue with Case Colored Frame & Hammer
Finish Originality: All Original
Bore Condition: The bore is dark brown and the rifling is still highly defined. There are spots of either extremely persistent fowling or built surface erosion, in either event, the bore has improved greatly from a general scrubbing and soaking. A prolonged soak may render a brighter bore.
Overall Condition: The surfaces have a beautiful brown coca patina with a few shallow scabs of surface erosion. Bruises and scrapes are seen on the barrel and cylinder. The frame's coloring is now a dusky patina, the grip straps and trigger guard have beautiful glassy variated tones of patina, giving a beautiful representation of aging. Some darker spots are found on the brass, which will come off with a thorough cleaning though we preserved the revolver as best as possible to retain its historic state. The grip straps have nice natural verdigris, please see our pictures. The metal to metal fit is still highly retained, the metal markings are crisp, the cylinder scene remains vividly on the rear portion, the rest was probably worn from holster use. The screw heads are highly serviceable, a few have mild buggering. The internal trigger leaf spring is sheared off, the leaf is provided, the mainspring is a later replacement but is very strong, left in the white and without major damages. Overall, this handgun rates in about Very Good Plus condition.
Mechanics: The hammer cocks back but does not move the cylinder, some internals may be missing, we have not fully disassembled the pistol. Otherwise, the revolver is still very solid in construction, with a few parts, it should be running fine and may even rate more towards Fine condition. We did not fire this handgun. As with all used firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance requirements.
Box, Paperwork & Accessories: None.
Our Assessment: The Colt Model 1860 Army revolver was easily one of the most popular army revolver on both sides of the conflict during the American Civil War. Approximately 127,000 of these revolvers were purchased for use by Union forces and several of the Confederate states had obtained a few thousand before the start of the hostilities as well. The Model 1860 Army was the successor to the Third Model Dragoon and ranks third in total number produced of the various models of percussion Colt handguns. This revolver was made in 1862 according to Proofhouse.com and per military records, it was most likely issued to the 1st Maryland Volunteer Cavalry, it would have made its new owner grin and its foe scurry away. With 6 shots, you could defend your buddies while they were reloading their primary firearm; these were seen in use up through the American Indian war as well, this one could have seen both conflicts. Please see our pictures and good luck.
CA Legal or CA Private Party Transferable: This antique handgun can be sold in California.
LSB#: 170205JL19 Make: Colt Model: 1860 Army Serial Number: 37987 Year of Manufacture: We found a revolver a few hundred off in the 4th Volume of Springfield
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