DVD or VHS . 2 RARE BUT UNCLASSIFIED FILMS SHOWING THE LOADING AND FIRING OF THE LTL (LESS THAN LETHAL) RING AIRFOIL GRENADE LAUNCHER AND THE TWO TYPES OF TACTICAL PROJECTILES AGAINST MAN SIZES TARGETS AND HUMAN SKULLS. 1)U.S. ARMY TRAINING FILM SBF 74-66 1974 "SOFT RAG / STING RAG CIVIL DISTURBANCE CONTROL SYSTEM". 2)LTL SKULL SHOTS , UNTITLED TECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE FILM PRODUCED BY THE BIOPHYSICS DIVISION , BIOMEDICAL LABORATORY , EDGEWOOD ARSENAL , MD. #1 SHOWS THE LOADING AND FIRING OF THE LAUNCHER AGAINST MAN SIZED TARGETS IN REAL AND SLOW MOTION. #2 SHOWS THE FIRING OF SEVERAL DIFFERENT TYPES OF LTL RUBBER AND WATER FILLED PROJECTILES AGAINST HUMAN SKULLS WHICH ARE COATED WITH FLESH JELL. THIS SUBSTANCE SIMULATED THE FLESH COVERING OF A NORMAL SKULL AND DEMOSTRATES THE ANTICIPATED DAMAGE COUSED BY A PROJECTILE AGAINST A REAL HUMAN TARGET. SILENT FILMS , color and b&w . TOTAL RUNNING TIME about 14 minutes. BY FAR THE ODDEST GRENADE LAUNCHER EVER ADOPTED BY THE US ARMY. THE M234 (LTL) LESS THAN LETHAL LAUCHER FOR THE M16 IS IT. The civil unrest of the 1960s caused the army to consider riot control as a mission. The deaths of students at Kent State University who were fired on by riot control Ohio National Guard troops with live ammo clinched it. We needed a nonlethal riot control weapon. Here it is the M234 64mm projectile launcher. This fires a rubber donut with or without tear or sickening gas as needed. MORE DETAILS : Extreme Force Options When a crowd engages in violent activities, a control force may have to resort to forceful measures to control the crowd. Strong measures of force are used only against crowds who employ defenses, arms, or tactics that make lesser measures of force ineffective or impractical. These measures include the use of firearms, the most extreme measure of force. The use of firearms ranges from the M234, which is a nondeadly force measure, to the machine gun, which is the most deadly force measure. The commander employs these firearms in a manner that is consistent with the principle of using minimum force. When employing firearms, way that the commander tries to ensure that they are used in a minimizes the chances for fatalities. RING AIRFOIL SYSTEM The M234 launcher is a riot control weapon that uses nondeadly force. The launcher, mounted on the M16 rifle, fires a projectile that causes pain on impact. The force of the projectile's impact repels or distracts rioters while causing minimal injuries. The ring airfoil projectile is shaped like a ring or doughnut. It is 2.5 inches in diameter. It consists of a one-piece, molded rubber body weighing approximately 1.25 ounces. The projectile is available in two variations: the soft projectile and the sting projectile. Both are identical in their external appearance. The sting projectile is a kinetic energy projectile that inflicts a painful blow. The soft projectile is identical to the sting projectile, but it contains riot control agent powder in small compartments in the projectile's body. On impact, the powder is spread directly on the person. The M234 launcher is mounted on the closed-end flash suppressor of the M16 (if so equipped) or on the M16A1 rifle. An upper arm and a buffer housing on the rear of the launcher mate with the rifle's forward sight and bayonet stud to keep the launcher from moving on the barrel. The launcher is aimed using the launcher sights. The rifle is fired in the usual manner. The speed and flat trajectory of the spinning projectile make it extremely difficult to dodge, catch, or deflect. The firing rate is about four to six projectiles per minute. The maximum range is 100 meters, but the weapon works best against individuals at ranges to 40 meters and against small groups to 60 meters. It is most effective when the person is lightly clothed. EMPLOYMENT The M234 launcher is issued two per squad for each authorized company. The weapons may be deployed in several ways. Soldiers armed with the launcher may be used as members of foot or motor patrols. They also may be placed in or behind a crowd control formation. They must be positioned behind other squad members because they are vulnerable and make likely targets. Also, they must be positioned where they can easily hear the squad leader and fire team leader and react quickly to calls for fire support. The soft projectile produces a CS agent cloud 4 to 5 feet in diameter. It is specifically designed to provide the commander with a less lethal means of engaging specific people or small groups under conditions in which other riot control weapons would be prohibited, undesirable, or ineffective. Ball ammunition is used only in extreme circumstances. Dispersing greater amounts of a riot control agent by other means is often undesirable or not possible. The soft projectile may be particularly useful against individuals or groups who are highly motivated, are wearing heavy clothing, or are using protective gear or shields. The sting projectile produces a sharp stinging blow on impact. Through its painful effects, it repels, deters, or distracts crowd members. The sting projectile is employed in essentially the same way as the soft projectile. Whether the soft or the sting projectile is employed in a given situation is largely a judgmental decision. The sudden and painful impact of the sting projectile is particularly effective when used against lightly clothed people or people wearing masks that protect against the effects of the soft projectile. Against small area targets, employing soft and sting projectiles in combination can be highly effective. Troops must be very careful with the sting projectile. They must avoid accidental shots that can hit windows, streetlights, or other fragile structures. The sting projectile can easily break ordinary windows and may crack heavier glass like that used on store fronts. Troops using M234 launchers also may be a part of security elements protecting critical facilities. Their positioning depends on the shape and physical limitations of the perimeter barrier. Whenever M234 firers are used, other members of the unit must be equipped with lethal firearms. Use of the M234 must be controlled at all times. In crowd control formations, authority to fire the M234 launcher is retained at the platoon or company level. In a patrol or a security element, that authority belongs to the person in charge. Its use must be limited to people who pose a serious threat to security forces or critical facilities or to people who are bent on violence or destruction. Any other use may incite more violence and destruction, thus promoting sympathy for the participants. FIRING TECHNIQUES Firing techniques for the M234 launcher include selective, volley, and combination fires. Selective fire employs fire aimed at point targets. For greatest effect, the projectile should hit the front, upper half of the torso. To prevent eye damage, the soldier avoids aiming directly at a person's head. Volley fire is used against area targets to cover as much of an area as possible. Volley fire must be restricted to situations in which serious destruction of property could occur or life is at stake. Combination fire is the joint use of the M234 and riot control agents. It capitalizes on the incapacitating effects of agents and the shock of M234 projectiles. Combination fire is used against attacks by determined groups of rioters. Although the M234 is designed to keep injuries light, misuse of the weapon can cause permanent injury. Follow these precautions: Take special care to avoid accidental use of ball ammunition. Ball ammunition must not be issued to soldiers using the M234. Avoid, if possible, using launchers for volley firing. An M16 firing blank ammunition sounds the same as it does when firing ball ammunition. To prevent panic and unfavorable crowd reaction, wait until the crowd realizes blank ammunition is being used. Then the launchers may be fired in greater numbers. Do not use the M234 launcher for indiscriminate or harassing firing. Do not fire at older people, pregnant women, or children. Do not aim at the head or the neck. The projectile's speed gives it enough force to severely damage an eye. Take every precaution to ensure a stray projectile does not hit an onlooker or the FM 19-15 property of residents. Not only can the projectile cause pain, it also can damage windows, streetlights, or other fragile structures. Give annual training to all members of units using the M234. Training must include related equipment and the disassembly, assembly, and use of the launcher. WELCOME TO THE CRITTENDEN SCHMITT ARCHIVES ON LINE MUSEUM AND DEACQUSITION SALE. THE ITEMS IN OUR REFERENCE COLLECTION DATE BACK TO ABOUT 1849 WHEN MY GREAT UNCLE, RALPH CRITTENDEN AND HIS PARTNER RICHARD TIBBALS CREATED THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL AMMUNITION FACTORY IN THE UNITED STATES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF DRAWN CARTRIDGES , PERCUSSION CAPS AND ALL FORMS TO AMMUNITION OF INTEREST TO THE GUN MANUFACTURING FACTORS OF THE DAY. SPENCER , SHARPS , HENRY , VOLCANIC, JENNINGS, REMINGTON, JOSLYN,WESSON,BALLARD,BACON,BLISS,WARNER AND SMITH AND WESSON ALL SOLD CRITTENDEN AND TIBBALS AMMUNITION UNDER THEIR OWN TRADE NAME. THE UNION ARMY BOUGHT MILLIONS OF CTM PERCUSSION CAPS AND HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF SPENCER CARTRIDGES DURING LINCOLN’S WAR AND ALL OF THE SPENCER AMMUNITION USED IS THE FIRST MAJOR BATTLES INCLUDING GETTYSBURGH WERE ALL MADE BY CRITTENDEN AND TIBBALS.*******************************************************************THE 64MM GRENADE LAUNCHER IS ONE OF THE RAREST OF THE M16 ACCESORIES.THIS DEVICE WAS DEVELOPED AS A NON-LETHAL CHEMICAL OR KENETIC IMPACT CROWD CONTROL DEVICE. THESE GRENADES(PROJECTILES) ARE EXPERIMENTAL TYPES WHICH LEAD TO THE TYPE CLASSIFICATION OF THE STANDARD LOAD.THESE ARE FRACTURE TESTS DESIGNED TO DEVELOPE A FRIABLE SKIRT WHICH CONTAINS THE POWDER AGENT IN THE PROJECTILE.TYPE 1 HAS A SKIRT OF FOIL/PLASTIC. TYPE 2 HAS A SKIRT OF REENFORCED PLASTIC WITH FIBERGLASS.THEY ARE LOADED WITH INERT TALC AS A SIMULANT AGENT.
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