Make: Burnside Rifle Co. of Providence, Rhode Island
Model: 5th Model Carbine
Serial Number: 24211
Year of Manufacture: Page 141 of Springfield Research Service of U.S. Martial Arms Volume 2 shows serial number 24211 as having been in a group of serialized Burnside Carbines that were issued to the 2nd Illinois Cavalry in 1864.
Caliber: .54 Caliber Self Contained Coned, Belted Brass Cartridge
Action Type: Single Shot, Rotating Block, Breech Loaded Percussion Rifle.
Markings: The lock plate is marked “BURNSIDE RIFLE CO. / PROVIDENCE RI”. The top of the barrel has a partial "H", rear of "CAST STEEL 18...", the breech block and nipple block are inspector marked "C", "H" is seen again on the left of the receiver, lower tang, forend band, lever lock and lever catch. The inspector mark "S" is seen on the lock plate, inspector "O" is on top of the barrel and underside of the lever. The top of the receiver is marked "BURNSIDE PATENT / MARCH 25TH 1856" and the serial number, seen again on the breech block.
Barrel Length: 21”, Round
Sights / Optics: The front sight is a triangular base that is dovetailed onto the barrel. The rear sight presents a “V” notch in the down position and when flipped up gives a "V" notched elevation leaf for 300 and 500 yards, the base is set to the barrel by the breech; the leaf does not have a detent and is loose in the base.
Stock Configuration & Condition: The stocks are smooth walnut. The forend has a barrel band and shows large losses on the left, gouges are seen on the other surfaces. The butt stock has a strait wrist, the wood has deep scraping and gouges, small chip surface losses are seen on some edges. The butt stock has play to the receiver and tangs. The LOP measures 13” from the front of the trigger to the back of the the metal butt plate; the plate does not have finish remaining and has spots of erosion, in Fair condition. The stocks rate in about Fair overall condition.
Type of Finish: The barrel is blue, the receiver and some components may have been case colored.
Finish Originality: The surfaces are original.
Bore Condition: The bore is dark and the rifling is slightly worn but still defined. There are some spots of moderate depth erosion and surface oxidation scabs.
Overall Condition: The only remaining finish is on the lever catch lug under the receiver, please see our pictures. The other surfaces have a blanket of patina with scrape and ding marks; some portions have mild pitting. The sling swivel bar is strait but has spots of mild erosion. The lever hinge piece is a cast replica, it does not stay secured in the rifle. The screw slots range from light to moderately tooled, a few have chip losses in the slots. Overall, this rifle rates in about Good condition.
Mechanics: The action functions correctly, though parts will be needed to secure the barrel hinge pin. This rifle is a 5th model carbine which has an added screw on the right of the receiver to make opening the breech a more fluid process. We have not fired this rifle. As with all previously owned firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance standards.
Box, Paperwork & Accessories: None
Our Assessment: 1864 was a wild year for all military units, both North and South, according to our research, it is highly likely this rifle ended up with the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, which was deep in the south by the end of 1864. We can only imagine what the service life of this rifle must have entailed, as the unit went on to fight up until the end of the war. With all of its age and use, it certainly has a lot of character and this highly historic item will do great in any collection.
LSB#: 161129LV88 Make: Burnside Rifle Co. of Providence, Rhode Island Model: 5th Model Carbine Serial Number: 24211 Year of Manufacture: Page 141 of Springfi
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