Make: Ross Rifle Co. / Canada
Model: Straight Pull
Serial Number: 8060
Year of Manufacture: 1905
Caliber: .303 British
Action Type: Bolt Action Internal Magazine
Markings: The left side of the receiver is marked “Ross Rifle Co. Quebec, Canada. 1905. / Patented”. The barrel is marked 8060 on the left side. The receiver ring is marked “303 Ross”, over a circle “P”.
Barrel Length: Approx. 21 ¼”
Sights / Optics: This rifle is mounted with raised fixed post front sight and an elevator leaf rear sight. The elevator is present. We do not know if the rear sight is original to the rifle.
Stock Configuration & Condition: The stocks are one piece smooth wood. There is a filled and faired section of the stock on the right side near the receiver ring. There are numerous dings and compression marks scattered throughout but most prevalent on the sides of the stock ahead of the trigger guard. . The LOP measures approx. 13 ¾” from the trigger to the back of the steel buttplate. The stocks rate in about Fair-Good overall condition.
Type of Finish: Blue
Finish Originality: All Original
Bore Condition: The bore is bright and the rifling is sharp but a bit shallow. There is no apparent erosion.
Overall Condition: This rifle retains about 75% of its metal finish. The balance of the finish shows thinning and wear with a brown color on the trigger guard and floorplate. The barrel finish is even, with wear and thinning at the muzzle. The bottom side of the barrel shows a little mild surface erosion. There is light scattered pinprick erosion on the receiver mostly on the right side. The Screw heads are sharp except for the cross stock rear screw which shows minor disfiguration. The markings are clear. Overall, this rifle rates in about Good condition.
Mechanics: The action functions correctly. We did not fire this rifle.
Box, Paperwork & Accessories: A front sling swivel is provided.
Our Assessment: From Wikipedia: The Ross rifle was a notoriously inefficient straight-pull bolt action .303 inch caliber rifle produced in Canada from 1903 until the middle of the First World War. The Ross .303 had many faults in the adverse environment imposed by trench warfare, and after numerous complaints the replacement of all Ross rifles in the three Canadian Divisions by the Lee-Enfield was ordered. During the Second Boer War, a minor diplomatic fight broke out between Canada and the United Kingdom, after the latter refused to sell or license the Lee-Enfield SMLE design for production in Canada. Sir Charles Ross, Bart., a Scottish nobleman, soldier, inventor and entrepreneurial businessman, offered his newly designed straight-pull rifle as a replacement. Ross was well connected in Canadian society and eventually landed his first contract in 1903 for 12,000 Mark I Ross rifles. In this design, the bolt locking lugs are mounted on a screw, and when the operating handle is pulled or pushed, the screw automatically turns to rotate the locking lugs into place in the action receiver. The design is generally similar to that used on most artillery pieces. Unlike the more common bolt actions found in the Mauser and Lee-Enfield, the Ross action did not need to have the handle rotated a quarter turn before the bolt was pulled back, and this feature theoretically offered a higher rate of fire. In addition to this alleged advantage over the Lee Enfield, the Ross was also a pound lighter and could be disassembled more quickly without special tools.
CA Legal or CA Private Party Transferable: This C&R rifle can be transferred in California.
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