Manufacturer: C. G. Haenel
Condition: Previously Owned
Model: Model 1
Caliber/Gauge: 25 ACP
Approx Man. Date: N/A
Serial Number: 38522
Approx Barrel Length: 1"
Description: Up for auction is a previously owned C.G.Haenel Model 1 25 ACP. Comes with one, six-round magazine. Shows some wear and some signs of pitting. Hugo Schmeisser (24 September 1884 – 12 September 1953) was a German developer of infantry weapons in the 20th century. Schmeisser was born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar. His father, Louis Schmeisser (1848–1917), was one of the best-known weapons designers in Europe. The life and work of Hugo Schmeisser mostly took place in the weapons manufacturing city of Suhl, Prussian Saxony. The Haenel Schmeisser Pistol by Ed Buffaloe The C.G. Haenel company was founded in 1840 by Carl Gottlieb Haenel. The company was reportedly sold around 1890, but members of the Haenel family continued to be associated with the company until its demise at the end of World War II. According to Hogg and Walter in the Fourth Edition of Pistols of the World, Hugo Schmeisser came to work for the C.G. Haenel company in 1921, and “...brought with him a pocket-pistol design that he had patented in 1920.” Walter, in his Dictionary of Guns and Gunmakers, states: “That Haenel rose once again to a position of prominence within the German gunmaking industry was largely due to Hugo Schmeisser, chief designer and technical director from 1928; his brother Hans served as sales director.” A 1910 British patent number 20660 was granted to Louis Schmeisser (the father of Hugo and Hans) for a vest pocket pistol design which was manufactured by Dreyse prior to World War I--the essential mechanism is the same as for the later Haenel Schmeisser pistol, but the method of disassembly is radically different. German patent 326536 was granted to Hans Schmeißer on 17 May 1919 for the method of barrel retention and disassembly used on the Haenel Schmeisser pistol. Three further German patents--337666, 342078, and 361175-- were granted to Gebrüder Schmeißer (the brothers Schmeisser) in 1919 and 1921 for the interlocking safety and magazine release on the pistol. U.S. patent number 1486497 was applied for on 26 August 1921 and granted on 11 March 1924 to Hans Schmeisser, covering both mechanisms. The Modell I Schmeisser Pistol Top: Zehna (Type III) Bottom: Haenel Schmeisser The Model I Haenel Schmeisser bears a striking resemblance to the Zehna pistol manufactured by Emil Zehner. However, both the Zehna and the Haenel Schmeisser are based on the earlier Louis Schmeisser design. The Zehna and the Schmeisser Model I appear to have been made during the same period. Walter states that Zehner’s business may have been sold to Haenel in or around 1925, though the gun was reportedly still listed in catalogues as late as 1927. A letter on Alain’s Littlegun.Be site states that Hugo Schmeisser was married into the Zehner family. At first glance the Model I is a typical 6.35mm striker-fired blowback-operated vest-pocket pistol similar to the 1906 FN Browning, but with a loaded-chamber indicator. However, the barrel design is like that of the 1910 Mauser, with a vertical post beneath the chamber that fits into a hole in the frame, held in place by the recoil spring guide rod. The extractor is mounted externally on the right side of the gun, and there is no ejection port because the gun has an open-top slide. The Schmeisser brother’s first patented innovation involves the method of field stripping the gun--the recoil spring guide rod, which retains the barrel (like the Mauser and the Type I and Type II Zehna), has a groove near the front which is used to pull the guide rod forward and out of engagement with the rear post of the barrel. The guide rod is then displaced to one side or the other and locked in the forward position. At this point the barrel can be lifted out of the frame. An indent in the back of the magazine, facilitated by a half-moon cut in the baseplate, fits into the groove on the guide rod and is used to pull it out for disassembly. The second innovation involves the safety. The magazine cannot be removed unless the safety is on. The safety cannot be released until the magazine is reinserted. Hence, if a round is left in the chamber, it cannot be accidentally fired when the magazine is removed. With the safety on, the gun cannot be cocked, but the slide can be retracted in order to eject a round in the chamber. The Schmeisser Pistol was touted as being safe even for people who are unfamiliar with guns. Matthews states that production of the Model I began in 1920. However, it did not receive its Model I designation until the Model II appeared in 1927. Before that, it was simply known as “die Schmeisserpistole.” There are two variants of the Model I slide. First Variant Model I: The first variant Schmeisser Pistol is distinguished by the distinct “hump” at the rear of the slide which rises up to form the rear sight. The grips have a monogram of an S intertwined about an H in an oval at the top. I believe the grips are made of hard rubber, as they have a slight greenish discoloration. There are sixteen vertical triangular-cut slide serrations at the rear of the slide. The serial number is on the right side of the frame just above and behind the trigger. The inscription on the left side of the slide is in sans-serif characters on one line and reads C.G. HAENEL SUHL, SCHMEISSER’S PATENT. A few guns have been noted without the comma. If for export, the gun was stamped on the left side of the frame, beneath the slide inscription, “MADE IN GERMANY”. On some guns, the “Made in Germany” was eliminated and the slide inscription included the word “Germany” --so it read C.G. HAENEL SUHL, GERMANY, SCHMEISSER’S PATENT on a single line. Second Variant Model I: The second variant Schmeisser Pistol is distinguished by its smaller rear sight. This change appears to have taken place at least by serial number 70779. I would very much like to collect additional data about these guns to more accurately determine when this change was made.* Eventually (by at least serial number 87192) the comma in the slide inscription was changed to a dash, to read C.G. HAENEL SUHL - SCHMEISSER’S PATENT. Must see pics! It will be $15 shipping to your FFL. We accept all faxed and emailed FFLs. No costly credit card UP charges! Happy bidding and good luck!
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