The AG-42 rifle (official designation Halvautomatiskt Gevaer 42) was developed by Swedish engineer Erik Eklund while working at company C. J. Ljungman AB. Officially adopted by Swedish army in 1942, this rifle served in Sweden until mid-1960s, when it was replaced in service with 7.62mm AK-4 rifle (license-build HK G3 rifle). Most AG-42 rifles were manufactured during WW2; since 1953 most of the Swedish rifles were modified to AG-42B pattern. The machinery and documentation then had been sold to Egypt, where the licensed copy of AG-42 was produced as 7.92mm Hakim rifle. The basic AG-42 system was also modified to produce Egyptian Rasheed 7.62x39mm carbine, which was made in relatively small numbers. Many of Swedish-made AG-42B rifles, as well as some Hakim and Rasheed rifles were later sold on surplus market. Danish company Madsen Syndicat AB tried to produce license-built AG-42's but apparently never went past prototype stage.
The AG-42 is a gas operated, semi-automatic rifle. The direct impingement gas system has no gas piston; instead, hot gases are fed from barrel via gas tube to the bolt face, where they act directly on the bolt carrier. The AG-42B differs from early AG-42's by having a stainless steel gas tube without a gas “reservoir”, which was originally used to decrease peak pressure. The barrel is locked by tipping the rear part of the bolt down into the recess in the receiver, very similar to Russian SVT-40 or Belgian FN FAL rifles. The bolt group has no dedicated bolt handle; instead, a sliding receiver cover is used to retract the bolt group manually. To cycle the bolt manually, one must grasp the receiver cover and push it all the way forward. The cover will engage the bolt carrier, and, when pulled back, will take the bolt group along. At the end of the rearward movement, the bolt carrier is automatically disengaged from receiver cover, and then it slams forward under the pressure of the return spring. The AG-42B differs from earlier AG-42's by updated grasping surfaces on both sides of the cover (AG-42 has serrations; AG-42B has conical bulges). Additionally, AG-42B has a rubber brass deflector mounted behind the ejection port on the right side of the receiver cover. There are other internal modifications, including the updates to the extractor, bolt group etc. Detachable box magazine holds 10 rounds, but also can be refilled in-place, using standard Mauser-type stripper clips (2 clips per magazine).
The AG-42B has open sights, with the front sight being adjustable for windage, and the rear sight being adjustable for range from 100 to 700 meters by 100-meter intervals. The safety lever is located at the rear of the receiver, and is switched to the left for “fire” and to the right for “safe”. When engaged, the safety locks the trigger and sliding cover, so the rifle cannot be cycled manually or fired. The AG-42 and AG-42B rifles can be equipped with a Mauser-type detachable knife – bayonets.
This Century Arms Import AG-42B is in very good condition. It does have typical handling marks on it. The stock has some small scratches and nicks. The upper hand guard also has a few nicks and small scratches along with a crack at the front barrel band, which is typical for the AG-42B's that have been fired. The receiver cover, which is painted has some scratches on it. The bore is clean and shiny and there are no signs of rust or pitting. The rifle comes with its original leather sling, which is in good condition and very supple. There are no cracks in the leather, just the typical green corrosion from the brass parts on the sling. Serial#: 28810. STK.#: 18489.
Typically antique military battle rifles are vary fun to shoot and this rifle is no exception. The ammo (6.5x55 Swede) is still plentiful and relatively cheap. Also the 6.5x55 Swede is inherently accurate.
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